Susan Maples, DDS, developed the screening survey and conducted the screenings and finger stick blood draws at her private dental practice in Holt, Michigan.
Maple told MedPage Today that while very few dentists in the U.S. currently screen for any systemic disease, that is bound to change.
"I can tell you that only 1% to 2% of dental practices in the United States are doing anything right now regarding general health, but it is our future," she said.
She added that the bidirectional relationship between diabetes and periodontal disease makes a strong case for dental office screening.
"Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to more severe, earlier onset periodontal disease with more complications and having periodontal disease makes it very hard for diabetics to achieve glycemic control," she said.
The 500-patient study cohort included 302 women and 198 men over the age of 18, with a mean age of 48 years who were treated consecutively at Maples' practice.
The 14-item survey asked responders to answer 'yes' or 'no' to questions designed to assess diabetes risk, including "Are you more than 10% above your ideal body weight,?" "Is your waist size over 35" for women and 40" for men,?" "Do you tend to be slow to heal from a cut or bruise,?" and "Do you experience experience inexplicable hunger, thirst or frequent urination?"
The survey also included questions about the use of hypertension medications and statins.
1 in 3 Americans Projected to Have Diabetes by 2050
Predictors of prediabetes or diabetes included older age, body weight 10% above normal, waist size about 40" for men and 35" for women, hypertension, abnormal lipid levels, tingling in the hands or feet and visual blurring, cataracts and glaucoma.
Maples noted that the projection by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that 1 in 3 Americans will be diabetic by 2050 makes the identification of better strategies for identifying patients with diabetes and prediabetes a huge priority.
"We are really talking about screening all adults, not just people with periodontal disease," she said. "If we identify people when they are still in the pre-diabetes stage we can help them change behaviors and prevent diabetes."
Aldasouqi said he became convinced of the potential of dental office diabetes screening to do just that during the course of the study.
"We hope this will be implemented in dental offices around the country," he said, adding that identifying patients with pre-diabetes is essential because lifestyle modifications and pharmacotherapy can dramatically reduce diabetes risk.
Researcher Saleh Aldasouqui reported receiving fees from Janssen and Sanofi.
Researcher Susan Maple is the owner and originator of www.self-screen.net. Researcher Randie Little is the coordinator of the finger stick blood draw system National Glycohemoglobin Standardization Program.